- When speaking Japanese, we have to be aware of the greetings we use. For example, konnichiwa and sayounara, which is 'good afternoon' and 'good bye' respectively, are only used for outsiders of the group. Insiders would be your classmates, colleagues, family...those people whom you see everyday and interact with on a common basis. Outsiders would be everyone else. If you say konnichiwa or sayounara to your 'in-group', they would think you're crazy, or you're joking. In these situations, simply bowing your head or saying other kinds of greetings will be enough.
- Itte kimasu [it-teh kih-mas]- said when you're leaving. They also use this phrase when they're about to do something (I guess it's like they're leaving their little group behind). Like for example, in Japanese game shows, when someone decides to go do the challenge they would pull up their sleeves and cheerfully cry out, "Jya, itte kimasu!"
- Itte (i)rasshai [it-teh ra-shyai]- said to someone who's leaving. Used more like at home, when the dad, or kids, are about to leave home to go to work or school. The "i" is almost silent. Itte kimasu and itte irasshai are a set phrase.
- Tadaima [tah-dah-i-mah]- said when you arrive at home. It basically means, "I''ve come back!"
- Okairi (nasai) [oh-ka-i-rih na-sai]-means "welcome back home". This is an automatic response to tadaima. Nasai, just like in oyasuminasai, is just a polite word. Most people would just chirp out, "Okairi!" Tadaima and okairi are a set phrase.
- Doumo arigatou (gozaimasu) [doh-mo a-ri-gah-toh goh-zah-i-mas]- thank you (very much). Close friends would probably just say "arigatou" to each other, but if you're feeling very thankful, like they've just done some real big favor for you, then you would most likely use this whole phrase.
- Gomen (nasai) [goh-men na-sai]- I'm (very) sorry. Again, nasai is just polite. People cry out, "gomen, gomen!" Or you might have heard, "gomen ne," meaning, "I'm sorry, ok?"
- Sumimasen [su-mi-ma-sen]- Excuse me/ I'm sorry (formal). You say this if you've been rude to someone. Usually this is followed by a profound bow, if you've really messed up. Or this could also be used to say, "pardon me, what time is it?" in that case, it would be, "sumimasen, nan ji desu ka."
- Itadakimasu [i-tah-dah-ki-mas]- it's like a little prayer you say before eating. It basically holds the meaning, "I will dig in!"
- Gochisousama (deshita) [goh-chi-soh-sah-mah desh-tah]- said after eating. Like itadakimasu, there's no English word equivalent, so this is more or less, "Thank you for that wonderful food." Deshita is the 'te' form, or past form, of desu, the state of being. It's just basically saying "it was" good food.
Ninomiya: O, ohayou, Ohno-kun.
Ohno: ohayou. Genki?
Ninomiya: Un, genki. Gakkou wa doo?
Ohno: Omoshiroi yo. Eigo no kurasu wa?
Ninomiya: Sugoku tanoshii.
Ohno: Ah sou? Jya mata ne!
Ninomiya: Mata ato de.
Try to see if you understand what they're talking about first. These are words you're already familiar with, with the exception of "ato de" and "sugoku". Once you think you have an idea of what they're talking about, go on ahead and read the translation.
Ninomiya: Oh, good morning, Ohno-kun!
Ohno: Good morning. Are you well?
Ninomiya: Uh-huh, I'm well. How's school?
Ohno: It's interesting. How's your English class?
Ninomiya: It's really fun!
Ohno: Oh, is that right? Well, I'll see you later!
Ninomiya: See you later.
Mata means again, and ato means later. So literally, mata ato de means "Later I will see you again."
Sugoku means extremely, or really, or very. It denotes a sense of extremety. It's in casual form. An example of its usage would be, "Sugoku kawaii!" meaning, it's soo~ cute!
Say the following expressions in Japanese
1. It's a beautiful day, isn't it? (Today the weather is good, isn't it?)
2. How are you, Mr. Domyouji?
3. Makino Tsukushi is very interesting, isn't she?
4. I'm fine, thank you.
5. Good afternoon, Mr. Rui!
Read the dialogues and see if you can understand them:
Serizawa: Naruse-san, ohayou gozaimasu.
Naruse: aa, Serizawa-san, ohayou gozaimasu.
Serizawa: ogenki desu ka?
Naruse: maa maa desu. Serizawa-san wa?
Serizawa: watashi mo maa maa desu.
Naruse: isogashii [busy] desu ka?
Serizawa: hai, totemo [very] isogashii desu.
Naruse: jya, mata.
Serizawa: jya mata. Sayounara.
Sakurai: Yo, Aiba-chan! Genki?
Aiba: Un genki. Sakurai-kun wa?
Sakurai: Genki. Uwaa, kyou wa atsui [hot] desu ne!
Aiba: Atsui desu ne!
Sakurai: Jya, kurasu ni ikimashou.
1. Kyou wa otenki desu ne?
2. Domyouji-san wa, ogenki desu ka?
3. Makino Tsukushi-san wa, sugoku omoshiroi desu ne?
4. Okagesama de genki desu.
5. Rui-san, konnichiwa!
Serizawa: Naruse-san, good morning.
Naruse: aa, Serizawa-san, good morning.
Serizawa: Are you well?
Naruse: I'm so so. How about you?
Serizawa: I'm also feeling so so.
Naruse: Are you busy?
Serizawa: Yes, I'm very busy.
Naruse: Well then, I'll see you later.
Serizawa: Later. Good bye.
Sakurai: Yo Aiba! Are you well?
Aiba: Yes, I'm well. You?
Sakurai: I'm well! Man, today is hot, isn't it?
Aiba: It is, isn't it!
Sakurai: Well then, let's head to class.
Aiba: Let's go!
Thaaaanks for reading!